January - Pruning Trees
February - Georgia Arbor Day
March - Mulching
April - Celebrate Nature
May - Drought Tolerant Plants
June - Trees and Crime
July - Hurricane Season
While not all trees go completely dormant, such as Live Oaks and Magnolias, the dormant phase is the best time to prune. This time is usually in late winter when it is coldest, just before spring. One reason is that while the tree is dormant, it will lose its leaves giving you the best opportunity to look over your tree to find limbs that should be removed, such as those that are dead or have defects. For evergreens, which are trees that do not shed their leaves, this is the time of year when the canopy is the thinnest. Here are a couple quick tips to keep in mind when pruning trees:
- Always make proper cuts (e.g. cut limbs or branches back to the branch collar or lateral limbs)
- Do not top
- Never remove more than 1/3 of the leaf baring canopy
To learn more, visit the Arbor Division website at www.valdostacity.com/arbor or contact the City Urban Forestry Supervisor at 229-259-3530.
Georgia Arbor Day is held in February on the third Friday. This year in Valdosta, we will be celebrating for an entire week - February 13-17. To learn more, please check out our exciting Arbor Week Celebration events.
Spring will be here officially on Monday, March 20th and many are starting to clean up their yards and place mulch. Here are a few tips to keep in mind when placing mulch around your trees and shrubs:
- Leave at least 6 – 12 inches clear of mulch at the base of the tree or shrub
- Never pile mulch up around the base of the tree or shrub because this can hold moisture around the root collar causing unnecessary pest and decay
- Mulch no more than 4 inches in height
- When possible, extend the mulch all the way to the edge of the canopy or “drip line”
To learn more, please visit the Arbor Day Foundation “The Importance of Mulching” or contact the City Urban Forestry Supervisor at (229) 259-3530.
April is a great month to reflect on trees and nature by celebrating Earth Day and National Arbor Day. To highlight this exciting month, here are just a few of the many reasons we plant, preserve and protect our trees:
- Provide habitat for birds, animals, etc.
- Improve air quality
- Reduce air and noise pollution
- Minimize stormwater and erosion
- Save energy costs for cooling and heating
- Increase property values as much as 20%
- Reduce crime
- Stimulate economic growth
- Enhance human health and wellness
To learn more, please visit the Green Cities: Good Health or contact the City Urban Forestry Supervisor at (229) 259-3530.
With several areas of the state of Georgia experiencing water restrictions due to drought conditions, it is always a good time to think about native and drought tolerant landscape designs. Below are a few popular trees, shrubs and ground covers that will not only grow in our area, but do well in droughts.
To learn more about each of these and other options, check out the NC Extension and just enter the name into the Search Box. Also, to find out more about the water restrictions in Georgia, please visit the Georgia Department of Natural Resources – Water Conservation.
Did you know that trees and other natural landscape may help reduce crime? Some studies have shown that less crime occurs to both property and people in neighborhoods that are greener than those that are barren, with nearly identical housing units. When people are outside together, they start to get to know each other and form relationships, which means they recognize strangers, so the more eyes on the streets the fewer opportunities for crime to occur.
As with all things, planning and maintenance are important factors to consider. For example:
- Grass: Typically requires mowing twice a month during the warmer months and once during the cooler months.
- Shrubs: Some are fast growing and need to be trimmed often, while others reach a certain height and rarely need shaping.
- Trees: Every tree species grows at different rates, so please contact our Certified Arborist Kevin Jenkins for more information.
Together we can help make our community safe and attractive.
To learn more, here are some additional resources:
Hurricane season officially began June 1 and will end on November 30th so it is very important to pay attention to our trees. Prior to all the recent rain we have received, our community was in an extended dry time. These significant changes in the weather can result in various tree failures so take a few minutes to walk around and look for any changes in your trees. For example, with extra water weight this can make limbs hand lower than normal so look for cracks or broken limbs. Also, look for bleeding wounds or decay on your trees. If you see a hole in the tree with large amounts of water or sap oozing from it, that may be a sign of decay.
To learn more, check out “Managing Hazards and Risk” or contact Kevin Jenkins, Urban Forestry Supervisor at (229) 259-3530.